On the Stability of Volterra Difference Equations of Convolution Type

Higidio Portillo Oquendo, Jose Renato Ramos Barbosa, Patricia Sánez Pacheco

Abstract


In \cite{Elaydi-10}, S.\ Elaydi obtained a characterization of the stability of
the null solution of the Volterra difference equation
\beqae
x_n=\sum_{i=0}^{n-1} a_{n-i} x_i\textrm{,}\quad n\geq 1\textrm{,}
\eeqae
by localizing the roots of its characteristic equation
\beqae
1-\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}a_nz^n=0\textrm{.}
\eeqae
The assumption that $(a_n)\in\ell^1$ was the single hypothesis considered for
the validity of that characterization, which is an insufficient condition if the
ratio $R$ of convergence of the power series of the previous equation equals
one. In fact, when $R=1$, this characterization conflicts with a result obtained
by Erd\"os et al in \cite{Erdos}. Here, we analyze the $R=1$ case and show that
some parts of that characterization still hold. Furthermore, studies on
stability for the $R<1$ case are presented. Finally, we state some new results
related to stability via finite approximation.


Keywords


difference equation, stability, convolution.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5540/tema.2017.018.03.337

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TEMA - Trends in Applied and Computational Mathematics

A publication of the Brazilian Society of Applied and Computational Mathematics (SBMAC)
ISSN: 1677-1966  (print version),  2179-8451  (online version)

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