### On the Separate Assessment of Structural Effects on the Simple Beam Deflection in the Light of Fractional Calculus

#### Abstract

Euler-Bernoulli (EB) and Timoshenko-Ehrenfest (TE) theories model simple beams under linear constraints. But even keeping these constraints, specific structural effects in real applications compromise the accuracy of the models, such as stress concentration due to force reactions on the support contacts or bucking, for example. Both EB and TE solutions assume planar cross sections and structural stability, and therefore do not address those particular effects; the interest in using them is to explore the conditions under which shear effects are significant or not. Numerical solutions such as the ones obtained from the Finite Element Method (FEM) reach structural effects quite well, depending on the complexity of the problem and degree of refinement. However, although accurate, the numerical solutions do not distinguish whether

a particular effect is on charge or not; they implicitly encompass all of them as a whole. To diagnose them for simple beams, analytical solutions such as EB or TE can be employed as long as they noticeably differ from the corresponding affected structures modeled in a FEM environment, the latter taken as reference. To measure this disagreement one can either directly compare each resulting deflection profile or, alternatively, compare the analytical solutions EB or TE against the corresponding fractional calculus ones fed with the

FEM data. The second case, focus of this study, provides a better measurement, to our understanding, as the fractional order informs the magnitude of the effect not depending on absolute values, which allows a fairer evaluation. Each structure effect must be isolated so that to obtain the individually consequent order deviation from the original integer value. A separate assessment using fractional calculus is proposed in this work to, first, evaluate the effects of stress concentration on the support contacts, and, second, to prepare

the modeling to potentially reveal another structural effect. Consistent results have been achieved.

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PDFDOI: https://doi.org/10.5540/tcam.2023.024.02.00211

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**Trends in Computational and Applied Mathematics**

A publication of the Brazilian Society of Applied and Computational Mathematics (SBMAC)

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