Numerical Simulation of Two-Phase Flows in Heterogeneous Porous Media

I. Carneiro, M. Borges, S. Malta

Abstract


In this work,we present three-dimensional numerical simulations of water-oil flow in porous media in order to analyze the influence of the heterogeneities in the porosity and permeability fields and, mainly, their relationships upon the phenomenon known in the literature as viscous fingering. For this, typical scenarios of heterogeneous reservoirs submitted to water injection (secondary recovery method) are considered. The results show that the porosity heterogeneities have a markable influence in the flow behavior when the permeability is closely related with porosity, for example, by the Kozeny-Carman (KC) relation.This kind of positive relation leads to a larger oil recovery, as the areas of high permeability(higher flow velocities) are associated with areas of high porosity (higher volume of pores), causing a delay in the breakthrough time. On the other hand, when both fields (porosity and permeability) are heterogeneous but independent of each other the influence of the porosity heterogeneities is smaller and may be negligible.




Keywords


Finite volume methods, Heterogeneous porous media, Secondary recovery of reservoirs.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5540/tema.2020.021.02.339

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TEMA - Trends in Applied and Computational Mathematics

A publication of the Brazilian Society of Applied and Computational Mathematics (SBMAC)
ISSN: 1677-1966  (print version),  2179-8451  (online version)

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